Austria: E 18.2

Also known as: Class 1018 / 1118

Railway companies: DR - German Reich Railways, ÖBB - Austrian Federal Railways


8x locomotives were ordered in 1937 for the electrification of the Salzburg to Linz line. These were built in Austria (by Lokomotivfabrik Floridsdorf) to a modified specification. To cope with the steeper gradients in Austria's mountainous geography these units were equipped with stronger motors (developed for class E 19) and their top speed was reduced to 130 km/h (81 mph) by a different gear transmission ratio, resulting in a significantly higher tractive effort. By 1939 when the units were delivered, Austria was occupied by Germany and the locomotives were delivered to DRG as Class E 18.2 (numbers E 18 201-208).



After the war, the newly reformed Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) renumbered the seven remaining usable Class E 18.2 to ÖBB Class 1018 (1018.01-05, 07 and 08).

In addition, one working locomotive (1018.101) was assembled from the parts of war-damaged E 18 046 and E 18 206 and the ÖBB also inherited the German E 18 42, which became the solitary ÖBB Class 1118 (1118.01). These two units retained German gear transmission ratios, and were ÖBB's fastest locomotives until Class 1042.5 was commissioned in the late 1960s.


Latest update on the 30th of December 2019 at 22:00

Contributor(s): Tudor C.

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