Netherlands: DE4

Railway companies: NS - Dutch Railways


Developed in cooperation with the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), these 98 m long four-part trains are built in 1957. Being configured as first class only, they were composed of:
- a power car with compartments for luggage, customs and the train conductor;
- a nine-compartment trailer car with 54 seats in total;
- a kitchen-restaurant trailer car with a 32-seat dining section, and an 18-seat open saloon;
- a driving trailer car with 42-seat open saloon as well as a small sleeping compartment for the on-board mechanic.

The power cars hold a pair of RUHB 1,000 metric horsepower (740 kW / 990 hp each) diesel engines as generators for the electric propulsion-engines in the motor car's bogies (maximum speed: 140 km/h) and a third 300 metric horsepower (220 kW / 300 hp) diesel engine to provide electricity for the onboard systems (like train heating, lighting, air-conditioning and for the kitchen in the dining car). These units are built by Werkspoor (Netherlands), with electrics by Brown, Boveri & Cie (BBC) (Switzerland).

The trailer cars are designed based on SBB's Einheitswagen I (EW I) standard carriage design. Only one entrance vestibule was provided at the front end of the cars, doors were of the folding aluminum type, and windows were double-glazed with a passenger-operated venetian blinds between the panes. These units are built by Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG) (Switzerland).

A total of 5x units of this type are built:
- 2x units for the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS) registered RAm TEEI 501 - 502;
- 3x units for the Dutch Railways (NS) registered DE4 1001 - 1003.



In 1976 these units are sold to Canada, being repainted and fitted with a conventional interior, along with modifications to be allowed on Canadian rail lines. They were in service as the "Northlander" until 1979 (motor cars) and 1992 (remaining cars) before being retired.


Latest update on the 23rd of June 2020 at 23:09

Contributor(s): Tudor C.

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