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When the time came for CFR to choose an electric locomotive for the electrified mainline Bucharest-Brasov, it organised an international bidding. The offers from the main European builders followed:
- Alstom: 2 electric engines with center cab type Bo’-Bo’ (BB 12.131 & BB 12.141);
- Skoda: the prototype of an electric locomotive type Bo’-Bo’ (a similar class was already produced for Bulgarian railways (BDZ class E 41);
- VEB Lokomotivbau Elektrotechnische Werke “Hans Beimler”: one prototype of Co’-Co’ engines (the basis of the 15 locomotives class E251 of Detusche Reichsbahn - DR);
- ASEA: 2 locomotives built for Swedish Railways (SJ) type Bo’-Bo’ (class Rb 1, n° 1001 and 1002).

The test rounds started on the Brasov-Predeal section on June 9, 1963. The comparative tests were done by pulling freight trains of different tonnage between Brasov and Predeal. The tests ran for 2 weeks and did not result in a clear decision in favor of any of the participants. But the newest designs and commercial incentives offered by ASEA made their locomotive to be the chosen prototype.

In April 1964 the contract was signed between CFR and ASEA for delivery of first 10 complete locomotives and of the electric aparatus for another 28 locomotives that were to be built in Romania under the license from ASEA.

The locomotive ordered by CFR was different from the Rb 1 prototype: it was on 6 axles (Co’-Co’) with maximum power of 5400 kW and rheostatic braking.

1964

April

In April 1964 the contract was signed between CFR and ASEA for delivery of first 10 complete locomotives and of electric apparatus for another 28 locomotives that were to be built in Romania, under ASEA license. The Romanian company chosen for production of mechanical and electrical parts and the general assembly was Electroputere Craiova, as it was already the producer of the 2100 HP diesel-electric locomotive 060-DA for CFR.

The locomotive ordered by CFR was different from the Rb 1 prototype: it was on 6 axles (Co'-Co' vs. Bo'-Bo' of Rb1) with maximum power of 5400 kW and rheostatic braking. On the other hand, the electrical part was typical of ASEA: a.c.-d.c. conversion with silicone diodes and high voltage configuration for the electric traction motors.

Locomotives were delivered with symmetric pantographs ASEA type LLXJN 135, pneumatically operated.

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1965

The first engine (060-EA-001) is delivered at the end of 1965.

Concerns registration number(s): 060-EA-001

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1966

8 new locomotives are delivered.

While locomotives 060-EA-001 to 008 had the maximum speed of 120 km/h, locomotive 060-EA-009 had a maximum speed of 160 km/h. All locomotives capable of reaching a maximum speed of 160 km/h were known as 060-EA1 (later on Class 41).

Concerns registration number(s): 060-EA-002, 060-EA-003, 060-EA-004, 060-EA-005, 060-EA-006, 060-EA-007, 060-EA-008, 060-EA-009

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1967

Between 1967 and 1994, Electroputere Craiova delivered 1082 units:
- 932 units for CFR (Romanian railways);
- 103 units for JZ (Yugoslavian railways);
- 45 units for BDZ (Bulgarian railways);
- 2 prototypes for China railways.

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1967

April

The last locomotive (060-EB-001) of the first series of 10 locomotives is delivered by ASEA Sweden. It was fitted with an experimental electric apparatus with mixed rectifier bridges (silicone diodes and thyristors) which allowed regenerative braking.

After some years of testing and running on the Bucuresti-Predeal-Brasov line, the locomotive was sent to Electroputere Craiova and refitted with the regular electrical equipment, like the rest of the class, and given number 060-EA-931.

Concerns registration number(s): 060-EB-001

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1976

Initially, all locomotives were delivered with symmetric pantographs.

1976

060-EA-247, delivered to Brasov depot in the spring of 1976, was the first 060-EA locomotive to be fitted with asymmetric pantographs as an experiment.

The following units (060-EA-248 to 266) were still delivered with the initial symmetric pantographs and only starting with unit 060-EA-267 the use of asymmetric pantographs was generalised.

1990

August 21st

In the morning of August 21st, 1990, pulling the R24 fast train on Sighisoara - Brasov section, between stations Augustin and Apata, locomotive 060-EA-001 hits head-on the switching engine 040-DHC-601 belonging to Augustin station. Both the driver and the helper of the switcher were killed and both locomotives destroyed.

In 1991, as a tribute, the locomotive plates from 060-EA-001 were moved on a new locomotive built by Electroputere Craiova.

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

1999

Starting in 1999, 24 locomotives from Class 40 and Class 41 series are modernised at Electroputere Craiova in collaboration with Siemens. The modernised locomotives are registered as Class 45.

Sources: "060-EA locomotive - 40 years from the first electric locomotive produced in Romania" (2010 - Mircea Dorobantu)

2000

Around the year 2000, locomotive 40-0079 was converted to run on 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC current for the German railway network and was sold to KEG - Karsdorfer Eisenbahngesellschaft where it got designation KEG 7001.

2016

After being sold to KEG - Karsdorfer Eisenbahngesellschaft and registered as KEG 7001 and afterwards to STAB - Svensk Tågkraft from Sweden where it was designated as EL 5100.001, 40-0079 returns to Romania after beeing bought by Vest Trans Rail.

The locomotive retrieves its initial technical state and registration number and gets a new livery from its current owner. It's back in regular service before the end of the year .

Latest update on the 15th of September 2019 at 19:57

Contributor(s): Tudor C.

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