In order to repay a Chinese loan, Romanian authorities began to export 060-DA diesel locomotives to China in 1972.
Locomotives exported to China are designated as ND2, of which "N" stands for internal combustion locomotives, "D" stands for electric transmission, and "2" stands for the second imported internal combustion locomotive model. This batch of locomotives are passenger locomotives based on 060 DA locomotives and improved according to the requirements of the use of Chinese railways. The main changes include changing the original one-sided cab door of the 060 DA locomotive to a double-sided door, moving the driver's console from right to the left to comply with the usage specifications of China Railway Locomotive. In addition, the front design of the locomotive has been improved. The front of the cab has been changed from the plane to a slightly inclined angle on the upper part and the lower part is tilted to the inside. Blunt head shape.
The first batch of ND2 locomotives arrived in China in 1972. First, they belonged to the Changsha Locomotive Depot of the Guangzhou Railway Bureau and the Shanghai Locomotive Depot of the Shanghai Railway Bureau, and were put into the Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway towed passenger trains. In the same year, the Institute of Railway Science of the Ministry of Railways cooperated with the Shanghai Railway Bureau to carry out the imported ND2 locomotives. Acceptance tests were carried out. The test locomotives were 060-dc-0001 and 060-dc-0002, and the test was carried out at the Beijing Ring Railway according to the diesel engine calibration power (2,300 horsepower). Due to the good performance of ND2 locomotives in use and the insufficient production capacity of diesel locomotives in China at that time, the Ministry of Railways ordered more ND2 locomotives from Romania. Between 1972 and 1987, the Romanian company Craiova produced a total of 284 ND2 diesel locomotives for China, of which the first 50 were provided to China as "debt-for-debt", and the rest were purchased by China from Romania. The main assigned locomotive sections are the Changsha Locomotive Depot of Guangzhou Railway Bureau (Guangbo Bureau Chief Section, later renamed Guangzhou Railway Long Section), Guangzhou Railway Bureau Guangzhou Railway Bureau Guangzhou Railway Bureau (Guangzhou Bureau Guangdaoguang Section), Guangzhou Railway Group Company Haikou Locomotive Section (Guangzhou Railway Hai Section), Shanghai Railway Bureau Shanghai Railway Bureau Shanghai Railway Bureau Shanghai Railway Bureau Nanjing Locomotive Section (Shanghai) Section), Nanchang Locomotive Depot of Shanghai Railway Bureau (Shangchang Section), Hefei Locomotive Section of Shanghai Railway Bureau (Shanghai Bureau Hehe Section), Jinhua Locomotive Section of Shanghai Railway Bureau (Shanghai Bureau Jin Section), Shanghai Locomotive Section of Shanghai Railway Bureau (Shanghai Section), Nanchang Locomotive Section of Nanchang Railway Bureau (Southern Section).
During the introduction of ND2 locomotives, there was a dispute over the international freight. On April 23 and 24, 1986, the 65th cargo ship Datian of Tianjin Ocean Transportation Company (now COSCO Bulk Transportation Co., Ltd.) was responsible for carrying 15 ND2 diesel locomotives ordered by China Machinery Import and Export Corporation from Romania and departed from the port of Constanţa, Romania. To Shanghai Port. Five of them were loaded in the third cargo compartment, the other 10 were installed in the ground cabin of the second cargo compartment, and the second locomotive was loaded with thin steel plates and bagged urea. During the voyage, due to the unreasonable distribution of urea, the collapse of the second deck of the second cargo compartment occurred. After the melting of urea, a large amount of ammonia was produced, causing 10 locomotives at the bottom of the cargo compartment to be corroded to varying degrees. All 10 locomotives need to be repaired before they can be used, and the repair cost exceeded 1.29 million yuan. The accident led to a dispute between the cargo insurer (Shanghai Branch of the People's Insurance Company of China) and the carrier (China Ocean Shipping Company) and appealed to the court about the unit of calculation of the damage limitation.
In 2004, Grupul Feroviar Roman, Romania's largest private railway company, bought back 20 ND2 locomotives from the Shanghai Railway Bureau, including those from Shanghai Locomotive Depot, Hangzhou Locomotive Depot and Nanjing Locomotive Depot. The car was shipped to Romania at the port of Shanghai in the same year. After returning to Romania, the locomotives were renovated by the Romanian company EUROEST in Constanţa, and microcomputer control and diagnostic equipment were installed, and re-entered in service. According to the Romanian railway specifications, the locomotives were renamed Class 60-1501-0-60-1520-0; these renovated Class 60 locomotives still retain the characteristics of China Railway ND2 locomotives, including double-sided cab doors and blunt-shaped cab, so it is easy to It can be identified from many Class 60 locomotives.